Section 5: Works Cited
Follow this order:
- Title of Book
- Title of Article
- Title of Periodical
- Place of Publication
- Other Information
Download a color-coded printout. This document shows how to indent the entries, and each component of the citation is a different color so you can locate it easily in the examples listed.
Don’t know the author? Don’t make it up!
If you don’t know the author of a website article, don’t make something up. Start with the TITLE of the actual
webpage you are citing.
2009 update: Book citations remain relatively the same with the exception of italicizing the title and adding the medium of publication at the end:
Bernardin, H. John. Human Resource Management: An Experiential Approach. 5th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill Irwin, 2009. Print.
Scholarly publications include both volume and issue numbers, and the medium of publication at the end.
Wilcox, Rhonda V. “Shifting Roles and Synthetic Women in Star Trek: The Next Generation.” Studies in Popular Culture 13.2 (1991): 53-65. Print
Newspaper or Magazine Article
Di Rado, Alicia. “Trekking through College: Classes Explore Modern Society Using the World of Star Trek.” Los Angeles Times 15 Mar. 1995: A3. Print
If the article is not printed on consecutive pages, write only the first page number and a plus sign, leaving no intervening space.
Silver, Robert. “Peanut Butter in the New Age.” Discover Mar. 1995: 180+. Print
Book Article or Chapter
James, Nancy E. “Two Sides of Paradise: The Eden Myth According to Kirk and Spock.” Spectrum of the Fantastic. Ed. Donald Palumbo. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1988. 219-223. Print
Encyclopedia Article (well-known reference books)
Sturgeon, Theodore. “Science Fiction.” The Encyclopedia Americana. International ed. 1995. Print
Encyclopedia Article (less familiar reference books)
Horn, Maurice. “Flash Gordon.” The World Encyclopedia of Comics. Ed. Maurice Horn. 2 vols. New York: Chelsea, 1976. Print
Literature Resource Center
Shayon, Robert Lewis. “The Interplanetary Spock.” Saturday Review 17 June 1967: 46. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Sharon R. Gunton. Vol. 17. Detroit: Gale Research, 1981. 403. Literature Resource Center. Gale Group. B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Lib., Brookville, NY. Web 16 Oct. 2001.
Gale Reference Book (and other books featuring reprinted articles)
Shayon, Robert Lewis. “The Interplanetary Spock.” Saturday Review 17 June 1967: 46. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Sharon R. Gunton. Vol. 17. Detroit: Gale Research, 1981. 403. Print
Include the name of the website in italics and the website publisher. If no publisher is listed, use N.p. Follow the publication date with Web as a medium of publication and then the date accessed.
Lubell, Sam. “Of The Sea and Air and Sky.” New York Times. New York Times, 26 Nov. 2008. Web. 27 August 2009.
Online Database or Scholarly Journal Article
Cite online journal articles found in a database the same as you would cite print articles. The database name is italicized and library information is no longer required. List the medium of access as Web and follow it with the date accessed.
Berger, James D. and Helmut J. Schmidt. “The Deregulation of DNA Content in the Human Genome.” The Journal of Cell Biology 53.1 (1978): 116-126. JSTOR. Web. 27 Aug. 2009.
Lynch, Tim. “DSN Trials and Tribble-ations Review.” Psi Phi: Bradley’s Science Fiction Club. 1996. Web. 8 Oct. 1997
Include the date the site went online AND the date you accessed the site.
Newspaper or Magazine Article on the Internet
Andreadis, Athena. “The Enterprise Finds Twin Earths Everywhere It Goes, But Future Colonizers of Distant Planets Won’t Be So Lucky.” Astronomy Jan. 1999: 64- . Academic Universe. Lexis-Nexis. Web. 7 Feb. 1999
For articles that appear in an online-only format or in a database that omits page numbers, use the abbreviation n. pag. for no pagination. The citation will end with the medium of publication and the date accessed.
Andreadis, Athena. “The Enterprise Finds Twin Earths Everywhere It Goes, But Future Colonizers of Distant Planets Won’t Be So Lucky.” Science and Society 5.2 (2009): n. pag. Web. 27 Aug. 2009.
Online Scholarly Project
Projects appear italicized. If the project is difficult to find, you may list in quotation marks the website name and domain in italics. Publication location and the date follow. The medium of publication and date of access are at the end.
Jackson, Samuel, ed. Geoffrey Chaucer Online: The Electronic Canterbury Tales. U. of College of London, 30 Jul. 2007. Web. 27 Aug. 2009.
No Author on a Webpage?
Many websites don’t have authors that you can ascertain. Simply cite the title.
Cite the title of the webpage, NOT its URL.