Baker Rallies against Violence
BRāV works to end sexual violence by raising awareness and by empowering all members of the Baker community to create and maintain a safe environment.
A Safe Campus: Everyone's Responsibility
Sexual violence affects everyone. It changes how we think about ourselves. It affects our ability to feel safe and empowered. It makes us fear each other.
Too often we remain silent. We're afraid to get involved. We think it's none of our business. We think that there is nothing we can do.
But we all have a responsibility to stand up. We all have an obligation to speak out against sexual violence. We all have an obligation to keep ourselves, our peers and our campus safe.
If we don't take a stand, who will?
BRāV Peer Educators conduct interactive, educational sessions for their peers in fraternity and sorority houses, in residence halls, in classes, at athletic team meetings and at other student functions throughout the year.
BRāV Peer Educators provide a vital service to the Baker community because they:
- Help dispel myths about sexual assault and acquaintance rape
- Eliminate silence about sexual violence on college campuses
- Teach their peers to recognize sexually inappropriate behavior
- Promote healthy dialogue about sexual attitudes and behaviors
- Give Baker students the tools for effective bystander intervention
Speak Up. Become a Peer Educator.
Facts About Sexual Violence
- 1 in 5 female college students is raped during her college career.1
- 80-90 percent of college rape cases are incidents of acquaintance rape. Half of all college students, including the victims themselves, do not believe such incidents are actually “rape.”1
- Alcohol is often involved in campus rapes.1 Alcohol impairs the ability to make good judgments and can impair the ability to read other people’s intentions. However, alcohol is no excuse for committing rape. In fact, an intoxicated person cannot give legal consent for sex.2
- Less than 5 percent of rapes and attempted rapes are reported to either the police or campus authorities.1
1 U.S. Department of Justice. “Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.” Dec. 2005. <www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij>
2 Kansas State Legislature. Statute. Chapter 21: Crimes and Punishments. Article 55: Sex Offenses. Section 3: Rape. <www.kslegislature.org/li/>
What Is Sexual Assault?
Sexual assault is any form of sexual contact without the consent of all parties involved. This includes sexual intercourse committed using physical force, coercion, intimidation, or threat (actual or implied). It includes attempted sexual intercourse, sexual touching, exhibitionism, or sexual language of a threatening nature. The perpetrator of a sexual assault may be known or unknown to the victim.
Consent means that all parties involved agree to participate in healthy sexual activity. It means that all individuals are physically free and capable to act and are clear about their intent and willingness to engage in sexual activities. Consensual sexual activities are free of any type of coercion. All parties must be free from the influence of drugs and/or alcohol and be mentally able to consent to sexual activities. Silence does not constitute consent. Past consent of sexual activities does not imply ongoing future consent.
What Does Sexual Violence Mean?
In addition to sexual assault, sexual violence refers to other inappropriate behaviors that can contribute to a sexually aggressive environment and are therefore part of the continuum of sexual violence. Such behaviors include, but are not limited to, telling a homophobic or a sexist joke, staring at a person's sexual body parts, repeating a sexually charged rumor about someone, bragging about sexual experience with another person, or using a derogatory and/or sexually charged epithet.
But I Always Thought . . .
“I knew him, so it couldn’t have been RAPE.”
Fact: 80 to 90 percent of rape victims know their attackers.1
“I had sex with him before, so you can’t call it RAPE."
Fact: Prior consent does not mean perpetual consent.2
“He didn’t use a gun, so how could it have been RAPE?”
Fact: 80 percent of the time, the only weapons used are physical force and intimidation. Submission is not the same thing as consent.3
“I was drinking, so you can’t call it RAPE.”
Fact: Someone who is incapacitated by alcohol or drugs cannot give legal consent for sex.5
“I saw how she was flirting with him at that party. How could she call it RAPE?”
Fact: Nothing that anyone does or does not do is an excuse for rape.
1 U.S. Department of Justice. “Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.” Dec. 2005. <www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/205521.pdf>
2 Baker University. College of Arts and Sciences Student Handbook, 2012-2013. “Stalking, Sexual Misconduct, Dating Violence Policy”: 33-35. <www.bakeru.edu/baldwin-current-students>
3 RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network).
4 Lisak, David and Paul M. Miller. “Repeat Rape and Multiple Offending Among Undetected Rapists.” Violence and Victims 17.1 (2002): 73-84.
5 Kansas State Legislature. Statute. Chapter 21: Crimes and Punishments. Article 55: Sex Offenses. Section 3: Rape. <www.kslegislature.org/li/>
What Is Bystander Intervention?
Bystander Intervention means when someone needs your help, you give it. You can take specific steps to intervene before, during and after an incident of sexual violence. Remember that you have to keep yourself safe, so it is a good idea to call the police or someone else in a position of authority if you think someone may be at risk for sexual assault. Ask for help yourself. Get others involved.
- Interrupt sexist and homophobic comments,
- Walk a friend home from a party.
- Don't let an intoxicated person be led off from a party.
- Listen if a friend tells you he or she has been raped.
I understand that sexual violence affects everyone and that I can take a stand against it. I will not remain silent.
I will conduct myself at all times in a manner that demonstrates my commitment to creating and maintaining a safe campus and community for everyone.
I will educate myself and refuse to perpetuate myths about sexual assault. I will refuse to participate in sexist, homophobic or otherwise demeaning jokes and talk that contribute to creating a sexually aggressive environment.
I will not stand by while other people are being hurt or are at risk of being hurt. I will keep myself safe, but I will intervene.
I will offer compassion and support to victims of sexual violence.
I will maintain a commitment to the safety and privacy of victims of sexual violence.
I will refuse to tolerate anything less than respect—for myself or anyone else.
What If Someone I Know Is Sexually Assaulted?
First, do not blame the victim for her or his own rape. Survivors of sexual assault can be traumatized a second time if friends, family members or authority figures respond in uncaring and judgmental ways.
Make sure that the victim of the sexual assault is in charge of whatever happens next. Rape is a willful act of power and aggression. It is vital that rape survivors maintain control in the aftermath of assault.
What Should I Do If I Am Sexually Assaulted?
Seek immediate medical attention. Injuries need to be treated, and they are not always visible. Testing for pregnancy and HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases should be performed. Physical evidence of a sexual assault can be lost or contaminated if it is not collected soon after the assault occurs.
Call the police. Although it can be difficult to take this step, it is important to remember that rape is a crime. Because shame and humiliation are part of the emotional trauma of rape, it is one of the most under-reported crimes, especially on college campuses.
Consider reporting the assault to the dean of students. Many victims of sexual assault drop out of school—because of the emotional trauma of the attack and because they fear seeing their attacker on campus. Baker University does not tolerate any form of sexual misconduct, and appropriate disciplinary action will be taken if a student is found responsible.
Ask for help. Trained counselors are available at Baker University and in the surrounding community for the survivors of sexual assault, as well as their friends and family members.