In the Canopy with Wheelchairs & Tardigrades
The Research Project
This is a three-dimensional research project to define the taxonomy and distribution of tardigrades (water bears) in the canopy and the herbivory of insects on a North American deciduous forest.The project is a fast-paced, tree-climbing, data-collecting, rapid-analysis and results-oriented internship. It is not for the timid. The plan is to climb and collect in the cooler mornings and spend the hotter afternoons and evenings processing specimens in the labs. Weekends include visits to local cultural sites and water bear hunts.
Students will be professionally trained to ascend into the canopy. There they will measure the impact of micro and macro invertebrates on the habitat and establish a baseline from which change can be measured. This is the cutting edge of ecological analysis in a world affected by climate change. Students will learn to use remote sensing, GIS, HPLC, GC-MS, and an EA scanning electron microscope to document the microenvironment.
Students will be employed for the summer. They will collaborate with the principle investigators to prepare their data for presentation and publication. They will also meet and network with the scientists and graduate students at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, University of Kansas Microscopy and Analytical Imaging Lab, Kansas State University long-term environmental research site, and the Missouri Botanical Garden. Students may attend a regional, national, or international meeting and present their results.
Students will be part of a small team of young scientists who are defining and establishing a base line for the condition of the temperate forests before global warming completely exerts pressure for the forests and canopy to change.
Unlike in the tropics, there are no differences in the animals or plants that live at different levels of deciduous trees in temperate forests.
To test this hypothesis students will conduct vertical transects at multiple sites on various species of trees. Field collections will be moss, lichen and leaves.
Based at the new Boyd Center at Baker University in Baldwin City, Kan., the project will explore the canopy of the transition zone between the eastern deciduous forest and the tall grass prairie biomes.
In the lab, students will extract, identify and quantize the animals (water bears) found in each sample and learn to create scanning electron microscope images.
Students will analyze the chemistry of the habitat (moss/lichen) with GC, Mass, spec, and HPLC for its influence on the interstitial aquatic environment in which the animals live. The leaves of the trees will be analyzed for insect herbivory.
The data will be mapped with GIS to predict other places where similar populations might exist. The data will establish a baseline from which change caused by global warming can be measured in the future.
Students will use professional tools such as PowerPoint to present their findings at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences and regional meetings. They will also have the opportunity to produce manuscripts for publication.
National Science Foundation Research Opportunity
3D Invertebrate Herbivory and Biodiversity in Deciduous North American Forest Canopies: Inspiring Students with Physical Disabilities to Pursue Field Biology
May 31 – Aug. 9, 2016
Baker University | Baldwin City, Kansas
8 Positions: 4 for students in wheelchairs
Opportunity for Students with Ambulatory Disabilities
This canopy-based REU project offers students of all abilities equal opportunity to explore and learn. Students can discover new species, new ecologies and new limits and reach new heights.
Designed for eight students, four with ambulatory disabilities and four without, this project is based on the idea that a wheelchair is not a limit to good field biology. To explore the canopy we climb ropes not trees, and in the lab we use microscopes, computers and minds, which have no limits.
Apply by Sunday, March 13, 2016
Program Schedule 2016
Week 1 June 1-7
Training: Climbing, research, chemistry, tardigrades, GIS
Week 2 June 8-14
Baker Prairie and Blackjack Battle Field
Week 3 June 15-21
KU field station: NEON site
Week 4 June 22-29
Petersham, Massachusetts, Harvard Forest LTER and NEON site
Week 5 June 30-July 5
KU Field Station: Rice Woods
Week 6 July 6-12
KSU-Konza LTER and NEON site and tree islands
Week 7 July 13-19
Water bear hunt at the Overland Park Arboretum
Week 8 July 20-26
Week 9 July 27-August 2
Presentation prep and data analysis
Week 10 August 3-9
Water bear hunt and presentations at California Academy of Sciences
These microscopic animals are little known, little studied, and easy to work with. They provide the opportunity for students to quickly get to the edge of knowledge and embark on true taxonomic and ecologic exploration and discovery.
The measure of insect usage in temperate deciduous forests is totally under documented and offers the opportunity of putting students on the cutting edge of discovery.
The chemistry of the interstitial aquatic habitat found between leaves of mosses and the thali of lichens is also under recorded and we will explore the variation relative to the height in the trees.
A Water Bear Hunt
Public outreach, especially to kids who may one day decide to become scientists, is a critical part of the learning process for our students. Our water bear hunts will blend the charisma of tardigrades and the adventure of tree climbing into a public presentation.
In visitors centers of various facilities we will set up a table equipped with our microscopes and live water bears for the public to take a look at. Flanked by SEM images, posters and signage, we will attract the patrons of the museum or arboretum to ask questions and learn about our animals and National Science Federation project.
Where possible we will take visitors into the canopy to actually collect tardigrades from the tree tops.
We know from experience that both kids and their parents want to learn more about the animal that has recently survived exposure to true outer space. This element alone raises many questions about extreme survival, global warming, evolution and the fragility of life on earth.
Housing & Stipend
Students will be provided a shared apartment in University housing with individual bedrooms, two bathrooms, a kitchen (refrigerator, stove and dishwasher), laundry, air conditioning and ceiling fans, wireless Internet, ADA compatibility, cable availability and close parking. Apartments are one block from the research labs in the new Ivan L. Boyd Center for Collaborative Science Education.
Interns will receive a stipend of $525 per week for the 10-week project, paid bi-weekly. Students will also receive an allowance for food. Travel cost to and from home to the project is included, as is internal project travel.
William R. Miller, Ph.D.
Baker University | Tardigrade Taxonomist & Ecologist
Meg D. Lowman, Ph.D.
California Academy of Sciences | Canopy Pioneer, Conservationist & Author
Ivan L. Boyd Center for Collaborative Science Education
University of Kansas Field Station, National Ecological Observatory Network Site
Overland Park Arboretum & Botanical Gardens
KSU, KONZA Prairie, Long-Term Environmental Research & National Ecological Observatory Network Site
Harvard Forest Biological Station, Long-Term Environmental Research & National Ecological Observatory Network Site
Tree Climbing Kansas City
KU Microscopy & Analytic Imaging Lab
California Academy of Sciences
Baldwin City, KS 66006